The importance of China to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region cannot be underestimated. Imports from China were worth US$146bn and exports worth US$169bn in 2018 growing exponentially since 2003 according to MENA: Trade briefing
. China is both MENA’s top import and export partner. MENA’s trade with China is twice the size of trade with its second largest country-level export partner, the US.